Georgian vitreous enamel dates back at least 13 centuries. In Georgia is mainly distributed vitreous enamel. The oldest surviving specimens dates back to the 8th century. It’s a cross hanging over the heart of the Catholicos, which is preserved at the Museum of Art of Georgia.
vitreous enamel has a prominent place in medieval Georgian art. It was as valuable as carpentry, wall painting and relief plastic. The most prominent example of this is the quantity and level of performance of the vitreous enamel on the icon. The X and XII-XIII centuries have been characterized by special creative advances in the development of Georgian vitreous enamel art.
Vitreous enamels created in XII-XIII centuries are characterized by richness, decorative, artistic and realistic dynamics. The vitreous enamels of this period are mainly gold, but they also used a background of an vitreous enamel.
Changing the vitreous enamel backdrop to gold is a major trend of the 20th century and serves to better visualize the figure - the separation of figure and ornament.
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